Genome and Gene Expression Data Analysis

EGF hijacks miR-198/FSTL1 wound-healing switch and steers a two-pronged pathway toward metastasis

Epithelial carcinomas are well known to activate a prolonged wound-healing program that promotes malignant transformation. Wound closure requires the activation of keratinocyte migration via a dual-state molecular switch. This switch involves production of either the anti-migratory microRNA miR-198 or the pro-migratory follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1) protein from a single transcript; miR-198 expression in healthy skin is down-regulated in favor of FSTL1 upon wounding, which enhances keratinocyte migration and promotes re-epithelialization.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 2017,doi: 10.1084/jem.20170354
Url: 
http://jem.rupress.org/content/early/2017/08/18/jem.20170354
Impact Factor: 
11.991
Date of acceptance: 
2017-07-12

Benchmarking selected computational gene network growing tools in context of virus-host interactions

Several available online tools provide network growing functions where an algorithm utilizing different data sources suggests additional genes/proteins that should connect an input gene set into functionally meaningful networks. Using the well-studied system of influenza host interactions, we compare the network growing function of two free tools GeneMANIA and STRING and the commercial IPA for their performance of recovering known influenza A virus host factors previously identified from siRNA screens.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
Scientific Reports, 2017 Jul 19;7(1):5805. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-06020-6
pubmed: 
28724991
Url: 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28724991
Impact Factor: 
4.259
Date of acceptance: 
2017-06-07

A novel community driven software for functional enrichment analysis of extracellular vesicles data

Bioinformatics tools are imperative for the in depth analysis of heterogeneous high-throughput data. Most of the software tools are developed by specific laboratories or groups or companies wherein they are designed to perform the required analysis for the group. However, such software tools may fail to capture “what the community needs in a tool”. Here, we describe a novel community-driven approach to build a comprehensive functional enrichment analysis tool. Using the existing FunRich tool as a template, we invited researchers to request additional features and/or changes.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
Journal of Extracellular Vesicles 2017, Vol. 6, 2017, Issue 1, doi: 10.1080/20013078.2017.1321455
Url: 
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/20013078.2017.1321455
Impact Factor: 
4.259

Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Fetal Limb and Bone Marrow Share a Common Phenotype but Are Transcriptionally and Biologically Different

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) can be obtained from several sources and the significant differences in their properties make it crucial to investigate the differentiation potential of MSCs from different sources to determine the optimal source of MSCs. We investigated if this biological heterogeneity in MSCs from different sources results in different mechanisms for their differentiation.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
Stem Cell Discovery, 2017, 7, Pg 1-26, doi: 10.4236/scd.2017.71001
Url: 
http://file.scirp.org/Html/1-1080128_77869.htm
Date of acceptance: 
2017-01-20

Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Fetal Limb and Bone Marrow Share a Common Phenotype but Are Transcriptionally and Biologically Different

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) can be obtained from several sources and the significant differences in their properties make it crucial to investigate the differentiation potential of MSCs from different sources to determine the optimal source of MSCs. We investigated if this biological heterogeneity in MSCs from different sources results in different mechanisms for their differentiation.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
Stem Cell Discovery, 2017, 7, Pg 1-26, doi: 10.4236/scd.2017.71001
Url: 
http://file.scirp.org/Html/1-1080128_77869.htm
Date of acceptance: 
2017-01-20

Genome-wide analysis of mRNAs associated with mouse peroxisomes

Background: RNA is often targeted to be localized to the specific subcellular compartments. Specific localization of mRNA is believed to be an important mechanism for targeting their protein products to the locations, where their function is required.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
BMC Genomics 2016, 17 (Supp 13), 1028, doi: 10.1186/s12864-016-3330-x
Url: 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5259856/
Impact Factor: 
3.869

R-loopDB: a database for R-loop forming sequences (RLFS) and R-loops

R-loopDB (http://rloop.bii.a-star.edu.sg) was originally constructed as a collection of computationally predicted R-loop forming sequences (RLFSs) in the human genic regions. The renewed R-loopDB provides updates, improvements and new options, including access to recent experimental data. It includes genome-scale prediction of RLFSs for humans, six other animals and yeast. Using the extended quantitative model of RLFSs (QmRLFS), we significantly increased the number of RLFSs predicted in the human genes and identified RLFSs in other organism genomes.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
Nucleic Acids Research, 2016, 1, doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw1054
Url: 
https://academic.oup.com/nar/article/45/D1/D119/2605726/R-loopDB-a-database-for-R-loop-forming-sequences
Impact Factor: 
9.202
Date of acceptance: 
2016-10-20

Big genomics and clinical data analytics strategies for precision cancer prognosis

The field of personalized and precise medicine in the era of big data analytics is growing rapidly. Previously, we proposed our model of patient classification termed Prognostic Signature Vector Matching (PSVM) and identified a 37 variable signature comprising 36 let-7b associated prognostic significant mRNAs and the age risk factor that stratified large high-grade serous ovarian cancer patient cohorts into three survival-significant risk groups.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
Scientific Reports 6, 2016, Article no. 36493 (2016), doi:10.1038/srep36493
pubmed: 
27819294
Url: 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27819294
Date of acceptance: 
2016-10-12

Comparative study of adipose-derived stem cells and bone marrow-derived stem cells in similar microenvironmental conditions

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which were first isolated from the bone marrow, are now being extracted from various other tissues in the body, including the adipose tissue. The current study presents systematic evidence of how the adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Bm-MSCs) behave when cultured in specific pro-adipogenic microenvironments. The cells were first characterized and identified as MSCs in terms of their morphology, phenotypic expression, self-renewal capabilities and multi-lineage potential.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
Experimental Cell Research, Vol. 348, Issue 2, 1 Nov 2016, Pg 155-164, doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2016.09.012
pubmed: 
27658569
Url: 
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27658569
Impact Factor: 
3.378

Large-Scale microRNA Expression Profiling Identifies Putative Retinal miRNA-mRNA Signaling Pathways Underlying Form-Deprivation Myopia in Mice

Development of myopia is associated with large-scale changes in ocular tissue gene expression. Although differential expression of coding genes underlying development of myopia has been a subject of intense investigation, the role of non-coding genes such as microRNAs in the development of myopia is largely unknown. In this study, we explored myopia-associated miRNA expression profiles in the retina and sclera of C57Bl/6J mice with experimentally induced myopia using microarray technology.

type: 
Journal Paper
journal: 
PLoS One. 2016 Sep 13; 11(9):e0162541. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162541
Url: 
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0162541
Impact Factor: 
3.1
Date of acceptance: 
2016-08-24
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