Translational Research Division

Lipid accumulation facilitates mitotic slippage-induced adaptation to anti-mitotic drug treatment

Published date : 27 Nov 2018

Aberrant lipid accumulation is a hallmark of cancer known to contribute to its aggressiveness and malignancy. Emerging studies have demonstrated context-dependent changes in lipid metabolism during chemotherapy. However, there is little known regarding the mechanisms linking lipid metabolism to chemotherapy-induced cell fates. Here, we describe lipid accumulation in cells following antimitotic drug treatment. Cells arrested in mitosis, as well as cells that escaped mitotic arrest and underwent mitotic slippage, showed elevated cytoplasmic lipid droplets.

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Journal Paper
journal
Cell Death Discovery 4, Article no: 109. 2018, doi: 10.1038/s41420-018-0127-5

Commentary: Augmented Reality Scientific Phone Apps - making the APD AR Holistic Review app and using existing AR apps for scientific publications

Published date : 02 Oct 2018

The average scientific publication is not the most palatable of reading materials, especially to those not in the relevant disciplines. Yet, conveying scientific concepts easily is precisely what scientific publications are meant to do. Imagine what the use of video pictures/paintings as depicted in the Harry Potter movie series can do to make things easier! While the fantasy of moving photos/pictures does not exist physically in the real world, just as Santa Claus cannot travel the world today without being shot down by anti-missiles, there are some shadows of reality in this idea.

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Journal Paper
journal
Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices (2018) 4:4, doi:10.30943/2018/28092018

Editorial : A New Home for "Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices" Journal

Published date : 28 Sep 2018

The original intent of academic publication to disseminate information and findings to the community for scientific progress has taken different twists and turns particularly in the last few decades. With the Internet, there is now the option of E-publications, and more recently, open access publishing to make articles freely available to readers. No longer are the articles restricted to subscribing academics, but now also to the general public.

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Journal Paper
journal
Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices (2018) 4:3, doi: 10.30943/2018/26042018

The Associations between Dietary Practices and Dietary Quality, Biological Health Indicators, Perceived Stress, Religiosity, Culture, and Gender in Multi-Cultural Singapore

Published date : 29 Jul 2018

Dietary quality, biological health, culture, religiosity, and perceived stress are co-related. However, there is a dearth of research conducted on Asian populations in secularized and harmonious multi-cultural societies. This study addresses these gaps by conducting an investigation in the multi-cultural and multi-religious Singapore to examine the parameters of culture and gender and the associations with 1) dietary quality, 2) biological health indicators, 3) religiosity, and perceived stress.

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Journal Paper
journal
Journal of Ethnic Foods, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.jef.2018.07.003

Potent tocolytic activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Ananas comosus on rat and human uteri

Published date : 18 Jun 2018

The aim of this study was to investigate the tocolytic properties of Ananas comosus extract in rat and human uterine tissue in vitro and in the rat in vivo. Organ bath technique was employed to perform functional studies in vitro. The PhysioTel transmitter was implanted in SD rats to measure the changes in intrauterine pressure (IUP) in vivo. Analyses of F2 was performed using LC-HRMS.

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Journal Paper
journal
Biomedicine & Pharmacotheraphy, Vol. 105, Sept 2018, Pg 824-834, doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.06.021
Impact Factor
2.759

Allosteric Effects between the Antibody Constant and Variable Regions: A Study of IgA Fc Mutations on Antigen Binding

Published date : 08 Jun 2018

Therapeutic antibodies have shifted the paradigm of disease treatments from small molecules to biologics, especially in cancer therapy. Despite the increasing number of antibody candidates, much remains unknown about the antibody and how its various regions interact. Recent findings showed that the antibody constant region can govern localization effects that are useful in reducing side effects due to systemic circulation by the commonly used IgG isotypes. Given their localized mucosal effects, IgA antibodies are increasingly promising therapeutic biologics.

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Journal Paper
journal
Antibodies 2018, 7(2), 20, doi: 10.3390/antib7020020

Isolation and Identification of an Anthracimycin Analogue from Nocardiopsis kunsanensis, a Halophile from a Saltern, by Genomic Mining Strategy

Published date : 21 May 2018

Modern medicine is unthinkable without antibiotics; yet, growing issues with microbial drug resistance require intensified search for new active compounds. Natural products generated by Actinobacteria have been a rich source of candidate antibiotics, for example anthracimycin that, so far, is only known to be produced by Streptomyces species. Based on sequence similarity with the respective biosynthetic cluster, we sifted through available microbial genome data with the goal to find alternative anthracimycin-producing organisms.

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Journal Paper
journal
Journal of Genomics, Vol. 6, 2018, Pg 63-73, doi:10.7150/jgen.24368
Impact Factor
2.402

Role of the serotonergic pathway in uterotonic activity of Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. – An in vitro and in vivo study

Published date : 08 May 2018

Background
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. has been used as a traditional medicine in inducing abortion in many countries. Our previous in vitro experiments showed that the aqueous fraction (F4) of A. comosus extract stimulated the rat and human uterine contractions.

Purpose
The aim of this study was to identify the bioactive compound and further investigate the molecular mechanism of F4 induced contraction and the in vivo uterotonic effect of F4.

type
Journal Paper
journal
Phytomedicine, Vol. 48, 15 Sept 2018, Pg 32-42, doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2018.05.004
Impact Factor
3.610