Anand G

Infectivity of Dengue Virus Serotypes 1 and 2 Is Correlated with E-Protein Intrinsic Dynamics but Not to Envelope Conformations

Published date : 24 Jan 2019

Dengue is a mosquito-borne virus with dire health and economic impacts. Dengue is responsible for an estimated 390 million infections per year, with dengue 2 (DENV2) being the most virulent strain among the four serotypes. Interestingly, it is also in strains of this serotype that temperature-dependent large-scale morphological changes, termed “breathing,” have been observed. Although the structure of these morphologies has been solved to 3.5-Å resolution, the dynamics of the viral envelope are unknown.

type
Journal Paper
journal
Structure, 27, Pg 1-13, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.str.2018.12.006
Impact Factor
4.907

Engineering an Osmosensor by Pivotal Histidine Positioning within Disordered Helices

Published date : 29 Nov 2018

Histidine kinases (HKs) funnel diverse environmental stimuli into a single autophosphorylation event at a conserved histidine residue. The HK EnvZ is a global sensor of osmolality and cellular acid pH. In previous studies, we discovered that osmosensing in EnvZ was mediated through osmolyte-induced stabilization of the partially disordered helical backbone spanning the conserved histidine autophosphorylation site (His243).

type
Journal Paper
journal
Structure, 27, 1-13, Feb 5, doi: 10.1016/j.str.2018.10.012
Impact Factor
4.907

Mechanism of Enhanced Immature Dengue Virus Attachment to Endosomal Membrane Induced by prM Antibody

Published date : 21 Nov 2018

Dengue virus (DENV) particles are released from cells in different maturation states. Fully immature DENV (immDENV) is generally non-infectious, but can become infectious when complexed with anti-precursor membrane (prM) protein antibodies. It is unknown how anti-prM antibody-coated particles can undergo membrane fusion since the prM caps the envelope (E) protein fusion loop. Here, we determined cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) maps of the immDENV:anti-prM complex at different pH values, mimicking the extracellular (pH 8.0) or endosomal (pH 5.0) environments.

type
Journal Paper
journal
Structure 27, 1-15, Feb 5, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.str.2018.10.009
Impact Factor
4.907

Partial Intrinsic Disorder Governs the Dengue Capsid Protein Conformational Ensemble

Published date : 24 May 2018

The 11 kDa, positively charged dengue capsid protein (C protein) exists stably as a homodimer and co-localizes with the viral genome within mature viral particles. Its core is composed of four alpha helices encompassing a small hydrophobic patch that may interact with lipids, but approximately 20% of the protein at the N-terminus is intrinsically disordered, making it challenging to elucidate its conformational landscape.

type
Journal Paper
journal
ACS Chemical Biology 2018 Jun 15;13(6):1621-1630. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.8b00231
Impact Factor
4.592